Monday, October 30, 2017

Routine Activities Theory and the Armed Citizen

Routine Activities Theory

Routine Activities Theory is a criminological theory that posits that for crime to occur, there must be an offender, a target and an opportunity due to the lack of a competent guardian (Akers & Sellers, 2009).  The question becomes, what is a competent guardian?  For all practical purposes, this guardian does not need to be armed, a licensed security officer or even a living being.  The only requirement is that they effectively overcome the determination of the offender (Akers & Sellers, 2009)

The Armed Citizen

The armed citizen affects crime rates through being that competent guardian.  Armed citizens are usually more situationally aware than unarmed citizens due to their training and decision to carry a weapon.  It is this conscious effort that causes the armed to be more mindful of the happenings around them.  This mindfulness causes them to observe the world around them with more clarity than they might otherwise have.  It is this observation that the motivated criminal first notices.  It is only at some point later they determine whether the competent guardian is also an armed citizen.
How many crimes are prevented because the competent guardian was enough to overcome the motivation of the offender?


Saturday, October 28, 2017

Open Carry vs Concealed Carry

Open Carry vs. Concealed Carry
This entry is not about starting an argument or finishing one.  When the issue of open carry vs. concealed carry comes up, I’m much more likely to be thinking, “I’m glad you’re carrying,” than arguing about the manner in which you carry.  However, it’s important to constantly examine our reasoning to ensure we aren’t deluding ourselves.  It is important to notice that I am only discussing the carrying of handguns in this article.
Concealed Carry
There are advantages and disadvantages of concealed carry.  Among the disadvantages are: wearing looser clothing than you normally would; carrying a smaller capacity weapon; having to fight against your concealing garment if you need to draw; Crime statistics are not in your favor if you believe that you are safe from being targeted.
The advantages of concealed carry are: people shouldn’t know you are carrying; it is your constitutional right.
Open Carry
Likewise, there are advantages and disadvantages to open carry.  The disadvantages include: people may notice you are carrying a weapon; you will need to invest in a BBQ gun.
The advantages are: weapon choice; the amount of ammunition; comfort; style.
Other Considerations
Studies have shown that mere possession of a firearm for self-defense will lower the likelihood of injury or death to anyone involved in an altercation (Leshner, Altevogt, Lee, McCoy, & Kelley, 2013).  Law enforcement officers also agree that armed citizens are safer from crime than unarmed citizens (Avery, 2013).

Friday, October 27, 2017

Tactical Decision Making

Tactical Decision Making

There is a tactical process used by pilots, soldiers and other tactical decision makers on a daily basis.  This process is called the OODA Loop.  The OODA Loop, as described by Col. John Boyd, began as the process used by fighter pilots during Air Combat Maneuvering, something the average person might refer to as a “dogfight.”  The use of the OODA Loop led to increased victories in air-to-air combat and was eventually expanded outside the pilot community.  Today, the OODA Loop concept is used by military personnel, armed civilians, law enforcement, security and even drivers to make quick decisions.   So what’s the problem with the OODA Loop?  Simply put, nothing and everything.

The OODA Loop

The acronym OODA stands for Observe, Orient, Decide and Act.  A person observes their environment.  What they are doing, where they are and those surrounding them.  They also observe the behavior, demeanor and actions of those around them.  Once a problem is identified, the person orients themselves on the problem and begins to look at alternatives to solving the problem.  The person then decides which alternative needs to be taken and acts on it.  Once the action is taken, the person begins to observe again, now with knowledge of an existing problem, thus making a loop.

Situational Awareness in the OODA Loop

Situational awareness is not the OODA Loop, however, having a developed sense of situational awareness will lead to a decreased amount of time being spent on observation and orientation.  There are many definitions of situational awareness, however most definitions include 4 important dimensions: Humans, Important Information, Behavioral Cues and appropriate responses (Dalrymple and Schiflett, 1997).

Situational awareness is often used to mean being aware of what is happening right now and using that knowledge to make a reasonable guess about future events (National Research Council, 1998).  It is this reasonable guess and the anticipation of appropriate responses that allows the situationally aware person to quickly decide and act in and appropriate manner.


Dalrymple, M. A., and Schiflett. S. G. (1997). Measuring situational awareness of AWACS weapons directors. Situational Awareness in the Tactical Air Environment: Augmented Proceedings of the Naval Air Warfare Center’s First Annual Symposium, CSERIAC SOAR Report# 97-01, WP-AFB: Ohio.

National Research Council. 1998. Modeling Human and Organizational Behavior: Application to Military Simulations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Monday, October 16, 2017

Welcome To Ellis Defense Consultants
The Mission of Ellis Defense Consultants is to empower the citizens of Texas.  EDC will use cutting-edge training techniques to make you feel comfortable with defending yourself or others in chaotic and changing situations.  We have a firm belief that every person has the right to protect their families from violent crime.
WE are believers in the Second Amendment.  We believe that everyone has the right to live free from the fear of crime and the unknown. 
Our Values
At EDC you are an individual, not a number.  Our instructors have experience training a wide variety of students.  We specialize in creating safe and inclusive environments for women and first-time shooters.  If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.

Routine Activities Theory and the Armed Citizen

Routine Activities Theory Routine Activities Theory is a criminological theory that posits that for crime to occur, there must be an of...